Types of Physical Therapy

physical therapy logo image

PT is an exciting, ever-changing field. As researchers develop new and innovative treatment tactics, various specialties continue to emerge. Here are just a few of the major types of physical therapy available from licensed, certified professionals nationwide.

Age-Specific Care:
Geriatric & Pediatric Physical Therapy

Pediatric physical therapists specialize in meeting the needs of children. Often, this includes strength-building for kids, preteens, and teenagers experiencing rapid growth. Other young people may need help overcoming developmental challenges and hereditary disorders. Additionally, many pediatric clients require assistance overcoming acute sports injuries. Our PTs are experts at making each session both fun and engaging, no matter how old your child is.

On the other end of the age spectrum, you’ll find geriatric physical therapists. These specialists help older adults navigate age-related issues like osteoporosis, joint replacement, arthritis, and fall prevention. Clients participating in geriatric PT often regain more than just mobility—they develop skills that contribute to their independence, too.

Orthopedic Physical Therapy

When someone thinks of PT, they probably picture orthopedic treatment. This approach focuses on the musculoskeletal system, especially the knees, shoulders, elbows, bones, and tendons. Physical therapists work to restore function for those dealing with sports injuries, joint problems, or torn ligaments. This approach is also vital for people struggling with common back issues like lumbar pain, herniated discs, scoliosis, and muscle strain.


Orthopedic physical therapy usually includes a blend of endurance exercises, strength training, and stretching. However, each session is tailored to the client’s unique needs.

Neurological Physical Therapy

Often, neurological conditions affect a person’s ability to move and function. Physical therapy provides guidance for those dealing with impairments caused by Parkinson’s disease, traumatic brain injury, stroke, or Alzheimer’s. With careful assistance, each individual can improve their quality of life and adapt to their environment.

Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Physical Therapy

Also called cardiopulmonary PT, this approach focuses on assisting clients who have heart or lung issues. Such conditions include asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), coronary stents, cystic fibrosis, emphysema, and lung cancer. Physical therapy for improved cardiovascular and pulmonary function often involves therapeutic exercise and chest percussion, as well as postural drainage.

Vestibular Rehabilitation

Vestibular rehabilitation therapy, or VRT, is an emerging area of study among physical therapists. It is indicated for conditions like vertigo, stable vestibular lesions, head injury, and dizziness among older adults. Ideally, this exercise-based approach helps clients to address their symptoms and enhance their stability in everyday life. 

Pelvic Health Therapy

The pelvic floor controls your bladder, bowels, and reproductive system. Some people begin to experience trouble in this area due to pregnancy, age, weight gain, surgery, or injury. Issues can include frequent urination, constipation, incontinence, erectile dysfunction in men, and painful intercourse among women. Often, strengthening these muscles provides relief from these symptoms.

Pelvic floor rehabilitation is conducted by PTs who specialize in this area. Using Kegel exercises, electrical stimulation, and trigger point therapy, physical therapists can help clients to build strength and alleviate the symptoms of a weak pelvic floor.

Find a Physical Therapist Who Meets Your Needs

At Enablr Therapy, our providers specialize in many types of physical therapy. Whether you’re seeking services for yourself, your child, or someone else, our certified PTs can meet your needs. Choose a provider through our online platform, or contact us with any questions you may have.

Need more help? Write to us.

Whether your child stutters or has difficulty processing what others say, help is here. We have the answers you need. Enablr Therapy connects you with proven professionals who specialize in pediatric speech therapy. Through one-on-one sessions, comprehensive support, and compassionate service, we aim to make a difference in your child’s life.

Enablr Therapy Appointment Request

Please fill out this quick form and we will get back to you ASAP.